Will Artificial Intelligence Replace Human Workers?

“Many people ask me this question,” said Dr. Irvan Bastian Arief. “And I always answer that AI will not replace human jobs. But those who use AI will replace those who do not.”

Irvan then likened the presence of artificial intelligence technology to the emergence of computers in the past. “Before computers existed, accountants worked using pen and paper,” he said. “Then, after computers were introduced, did accounting jobs disappear? The answer is no.”

Furthermore, Irvan also equated AI with software tools that now replace bulky drafting tables used by architects. “Everything is done with computers now,” Irvan said. “The same goes for AI. This technology greatly aids in increasing productivity and the quality of work.”

Shinta Nurhariyanti, the head of the interoperability, big data, and artificial intelligence teams at the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology, also supports this opinion. “AI is not a threat,” she said. “This technology was developed to assist humans. So, there is no need to feel threatened.”

According to Shinta, AI is not something difficult for the general public to grasp. “When we use smartphones, we are already living with AI,” she added. “When students use Google to complete assignments, they are already using AI. So, AI is not something strange or unimaginable.”

Shinta does not deny that many jobs can be replaced by this advanced technology. “That is why the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology provides the Digital Talent Scholarships program, which is free for all citizens,” she explained.

This program, abbreviated as Digitalent, offers scholarships for students, recent graduates, professionals, and micro, small, and medium-sized business owners to learn various disciplines in information and communication technology, including big data analysis, AI, cybersecurity, and augmented reality. Since its launch in 2018, a total of 424,390 individuals have taken advantage of this learning program.

Additionally, Kominfo has recently built 5,410 Base Transceiver Stations (BTS) in various frontier, outermost, and underdeveloped regions in Indonesia to improve the coverage of 4G mobile broadband signals. On June 19, Indonesia also successfully launched the Satria-1 satellite from Cape Canaveral, Florida, in the United States, to enhance internet connectivity in remote areas.

“We have now entered Society 5.0, where digital technology has become a necessity,” said Shinta. “Therefore, we must learn to coexist with it.”