Chronic kidney disease early detection

Chronic kidney disease is a disease that greatly reduces your quality of life. The therapeutic process is expensive and very troublesome. In a month, you have to do hemodialysis eight times.

As for CAPD, you can do it yourself anywhere. But in one day, it takes four times with each using half a gallon of special liquid. Imagine how difficult it is to carry two gallons of fluid a day.

And remember, peritoneal dialysis needs to be done in a sterile place so that the devices must be sterilized before doing so.

You can prevent it by controlling blood pressure, blood sugar levels, blood cholesterol, and quitting smoking. If you have a disease in your urinary system, for example, urinary tract infection or kidney stones occurring in your urinary tract, it must also be treated to keep kidney function good.

Nevertheless, it can't be denied that the risk of CKD increases with age. Ages above fifty years are at risk of developing CKD.

If you also have diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, and a history of CKD in your family, then prevention measures need to be added with health check-up which includes blood pressure, complete urine with urea and creatinine.

Blood pressure is targeted at no more than 140/90 mmHg. And for those who also have diabetes, the numbers are even lower, 140/85 mmHg. Meanwhile, fasting blood sugar must be below 110 mg/dL. And for total cholesterol, it is less than 200 mg/dL.

The examination should be done once a year. However, if there have been signs of decreased kidney function, the examination needs to be done more often.

CKD risk factors include glomerulonephritis or kidney inflammation reaching 13 percent, diabetes 25 percent, hypertension 35 percent, damage to kidney cells 15 percent, and other causes such as lupus nephritis, polycystic kidney disease, or IgA nephropathy nine percent.