Complications don't occur suddenly. Generally, you experienced diabetes complications when you are lazy to measure blood sugar levels and just leave it always high for a long time. Usually, you feel healthy and don't experience symptoms of certain diseases, so that you are lazy to go to the doctor, not taking medication regularly and keep eating high calories.
Whereas, in your body, there are damages in almost all tissues and organs due to diabetes. Complications are almost certain to occur several years after you have diabetes as long as you don't control your blood sugar levels. Complications are even faster if you haven't realized for years you have diabetes. So when it is diagnosed, symptoms of complications have emerged.
Here are some complications or dangerous diseases you must watch out for.
1. Diabetic retinopathy
High sugar levels will damage blood vessels in all organs of the body drained by blood, including eyes. Diabetic retinopathy is damage that occurs in the retinal blood vessels. Damage to the retinal blood vessels, which is the center of vision, at first, only causes symptoms of blurred vision. If ignored, and retinal damage becomes worse, it causes total blindness. It can't be cured.
2. Heart disease
If you have type 1 or 2 diabetes, you have a risk of having a heart attack, stroke and other vascular diseases. The heart is an important organ that pumps blood throughout the body. When the main blood vessel in the heart is damaged, usually blocked due to plaque buildup or called atherosclerosis, then a heart attack can occur at any time without prior warning. This blockage of blood vessels also occurs due to high cholesterol you generally experience.
3. Peripheral neuropathy
Nerve damage in diabetics is called diabetic neuropathy and experienced by more than 50 percent of diabetics. The longer you suffer diabetes, the higher the risk of nerve damage you experience. Symptoms are numbness in the hands and feet, tingling and pain in the soles of the feet.
4. Kidney failure
If you visit a hemodialysis clinic, then most of them are diabetics. High blood sugar levels will damage fine blood vessels in the kidneys so that they fail to function as blood filter organs. So, be alert if you have experienced symptoms of swelling in the feet, out of breath, nausea, vomiting, and tiredness without cause. It could have been a buildup of fluid due to kidney failure.
This is the most complex diabetes impact difficult to overcome. Because of neuropathy, then the nerves in the feet become numb and unable to feel pain during injury. In people without diabetes, small wounds on the feet will be felt and treated immediately. But not for diabetics where you don't feel pain at all, even when the wound has gaped wide or been rot. Add more, because sugar is high, so the wound is difficult to cure. Amputation is generally done when there is too much dead tissue in the feet due to injury.
When the above complications have occurred, then it's hard to cure them. Complications also greatly reduce your quality of life. So, the most appropriate way is to prevent all these diseases. You should be provided with ways to prevent complications. The only way is to control blood sugar near normal. How to?
1. Healthy diet
Once diagnosed with diabetes, the first thing you must do routinely is to regulate diet, which is to reduce carbohydrates and increase vegetable and protein intake. Simple carbohydrates like white rice very quickly raise blood sugar levels, so they must be limited.
2. Regular exercise
Control of blood sugar levels can be achieved optimally if the diet is accompanied by exercise. Regular exercise can help reduce sugar levels. Choose a safe sport, like walking, badminton, cycling or swimming. Don't forget to use comfortable shoes so that there is no injury to the foot.
3. Take regular medication
Both oral and insulin, antidiabetic drugs are mandatory. It must be taken regularly every day. You can choose a trusted drug.
If you have felt the symptoms of disease complications, immediately go to the doctor to get treatment. The best step is to prevent complications. Don't forget to check blood sugar every day, especially before and after meals and at bedtime. Also check HbA1c regularly to the doctor to monitor whether you are at risk of complications or not.