Erectile dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction means the inability to have erection despite having a sex drive. For him, erection is the result of physical or mental stimulation that helps to penetrate during intercourse.

However, when suffering from erectile dysfunction (ED), he fails to achieve and maintain erection. This can create anxiety, affect relationships and often frustrate him.

In general, when he is aroused, the brain sends signals through the nerve tissue to the penis to open the veins to their full capacities.

The penis consists of two columns of tissue called corpora cavernosa that extend along the organ and carry two main arteries. Another column of tissue called corpus spongiosum is placed under the corpora cavernosa and extends along the front of the penis and has a labyrinth of blood vessel and nerve.

The open urethra at the tip of the penis travels through the corpus spongiosum and secretes urine and semen after ejaculation.

As soon as the brain sends signals, the arteries in the corpora cavernosa open up, and blood flows through them more quickly. It compresses the blood vessels and creates pressure on the corpora cavernosa, which enlarges the penis and helps achieve and maintain erection.

But if this process is interrupted, then penis fails to get erection. Erectile failure can also be attributed to various reasons, such as stress, performance anxiety, and being under the influence of alcohol and smoking.

It usually affects him in his 40s and beyond. The most common causes of ED are:

1. Inadequate blood flow to penis

This is the most common cause of ED and can also affect the men under 40 years of age. High blood pressure, cholesterol and cardiovascular disease can make filtered arteries that affect the flow, and he eventually fails to erect. Controlling blood pressure can help against ED.

2. Brain fails to signal

If he suffers from conditions, such as Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's disease, this can make it difficult for the brain to send the right signals to the reproductive organ to achieve erection despite sexual urge.

3. Damage to erectile tissue

If he has experienced radiation therapy or other surgery that may have damaged the tissue in the penis, it can also affect erection.

The good news is that there are enough treatment options available to treat ED. Treatment, or sometimes some lifestyle changes, can help reverse the conditions and enjoy smooth sex life.