Prepregnancy nutrition

The high mortality rate of mothers, infants and toddlers is partly because of the nutrition problem since the earliest stages of life.

Pregnancy should be planned at least four months prior, so fetal development during pregnancy until birth is perfect, and the nutritional intake is kept.

Two most common examples of birth due to unnoticed nutrients are intrauterine growth restriction and macrosomia. Both disorders are related to your nutritional intake, health condition, lifestyle and habits before and during pregnancy.

For example, you'll have a great risk of having a too large baby if you suffer from diabetes and could not keep up with a good diet.

What should you prepare in planning a pregnancy? Four months before pregnancy, you'd ideally prepare your physical readiness, nutritional status, and emotional and mental conditions. You must be addressed if you have a complaint of certain diseases, so that the future condition of the fetus ain't disturbed.

As much as possible, avoid a risky environment to your health such as pollution. Consult your health periodically. Pray. Run a healthy lifestyle.

In addition to the full attention of nutrients, it's important to routinely perform prenatal and antenatal checks to ensure your pregnancy gets the maximum opportunity to reach its peak and to give birth to a healthy baby without disturbing yourself.

Nutritional deficiencies, both micronutrients and macronutrients, and the lack of regular checks can cause your baby more susceptible to disease and increase the risk of infant mortality four to eight times more than usual.

One way to look at the health condition of your fetus is through ultrasonography. You'll see three kindsa patterns of fetal growth based on nutritional condition. The sizes of the head and abdomen are equal in the normal fetus.

The fetus that has a small head and stomach indicates your nutritional needs ain't been fulfilled. The fetus that has a normal head size and a small stomach indicates you have adequate nutrition, but there's imperfection of nutrient absorption of your fetus.

Your health conditions and nutritional intake affect blood flow to the placenta. After that, the conditions and performance of the placenta will affect the ability of nutrient absorption in relation to the development of cells and blood vessels.

Human cells continue to grow and develop since the early stages of life until they reach the perfect growth at 17 weeks of gestation. You'd give more attention to the development of your fetus with a routine pregnancy check at those moments.

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