Compared with total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL), which are its components, are very important.

Like the oil in the water, cholesterol, which is similar to wax, doesn't dissolve. So in order to transport, it's combined first with fat and protein molecules.

So this package is known as lipoprotein, which is a natural vehicle to carry cholesterol throughout the body.

Cholesterol is one of the derivatives of fat circulating in your blood. The body needs cholesterol in limited quantities. The body acquires cholesterol from the liver that approximately produces 1 gram cholesterol each day from your daily food, especially from yolk, shellfish, bowel as well as milk derivatives.

Cholesterol components are LDL and HDL. LDL is consisting of fat and less protein. LDL carries 60 to 80 percent of the body cholesterol into the blood. After driving around in the blood for a few days and already formed, LDL will be absorbed by the cells of the body as materials for hormones.

However, because not all necessary, the cholesterol excess will be disposed in the blood. The effluent is then gonna accumulate on the walls of the blood vessels. The result is inflammation or plaque. From here, LDL is called bad cholesterol.

Meanwhile, HDL is known as good cholesterol. It's consisting of protein and a little fat. HDL forms a stable package in contrast to LDL. Because not biodegradable, cholesterol in HDL is also not easy to agglomerate.

Furthermore, HDL joins to repair the damage caused by LDL. HDL acts as a cleaner hauling LDL scattering on the arterial wall and brings it back to the liver for disposal. HDL prevents accumulation on the arterial wall.

The higher the HDL level is, the better it is. It's considered as a heart protector.

In total cholesterol, HDL amount is only about 25 percent. The bottom end of HDL is 40 for men and 45 for women. It's limit is 60. Average levels of HDL in men are 45 and women 55. Female sex hormone estrogen tends to increase HDL levels.

Therefore, if you've entered menopause, HDL levels will decline due to decreased estrogen.

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