A fever is actually the body's reaction to pyrogen stimuli, i.e. the compound outside the body, such as germ and toxin products, or germs themselves.
Any body can make a similar pyrogen substance known as cytokine. Pyrogen substances that often cause a fever are generally a compound outside the body.
Against the interests of the body, fever is really not bad. Fever indicates the activity of immune substances is on the capabilities the body requires. At that time, the white blood cells or leukocytes would gather at the site of infection going on.
In fact, it's no need to rush to reduce the fever, especially if not showing other complaints, such as pain or fuss. High fever will also increase the need for fluids. So, people with fever should be drinking more than the daily requirement.
Facing a fever in children, parents often take a wrong action to help, both in the use of drugs or compresses.
There are a variety of fever-lowering drugs for children with a variety of flavors. The most well known type of fever reliever is paracetamol and ibuprofen. Giving a fever reliever would be better if intended to relieve the pain complaints and not just for the fever.
Children are usually used body weight benchmark to measure how many drugs needed. Fever reliever dose, such as paracetamol, is 10-15 mg per kg of body weight for each administration. If the child weighs 10 kg, the required amount of paracetamol once digested is 100-150 mg. Paracetamol can be given in interval of 4 hours but not more than 5 times in 24 hours.
In the market, there are a lot of fever reliever syrups for children with a range of doses for each scoop. Not every scoop of branded or generic paracetamol syrup contains the same active ingredient levels. Scoop available in pack is 5 ml sized unfortunately translated into a teaspoon.
This erroneous translation made public thinking, teaspoon at home smaller than 5 ml might replace the scoop. So, you'd still use a scoop in delivering some drug syrup to the child.
The fever won't always soon descend with fever reliever medication in one or two feedings. Very high fever can disrupt metabolic processes in the body. So, the other way is needed, i.e. to compress.
It's expected cold temperatures of compress able to lower the blood stream. Therefore, it's better if the compression is done in the body that has large blood vessels, i.e. in the groin, armpits, or neck, not on the forehead like in the movies.
Compressing in this way is sometimes still not enough. The most effective way is to compress the entire body. It's certainly not practical to smear the body with water on the bed. Taking him to the bathroom is more effective.
Washing someone with high fever isn't dangerous at all as long as not using cold water. Washing with warm water is highly recommended and doesn't just do one or two times but many.
Usually, the children will be very happy if able to play water. So, don't hesitate to take them to the bathroom all they want, with supervision of course. Every now and then, using a bathtub filled with warm water to douse a child with fever is certainly very useful.
Washing can be stopped when the fever is reduced. Using some alcohol as a compress media at home is no longer recommended.
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